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Echocardiography 5 minutes before starting  



Examples of pathological findings

—Echocardiographic examinations

—Cardiac function and PA pressure

—Examples of pathological
findings


Valvular heart disease
Intracardiac masses
Pericardial disease
Cardiomyopathies
Aortic dissection
Congenital heart disease
echo|case



Cadiomyopathies




Left: dilatative cardiomyopathy (DCM) form the parasternal long axis view. The LV and LA are dilated.

Right: same case from the short axis view. Systolic LV function is severely reduced.

Left: dilated cardiomyopathy with severly reduced systolic LV function as seen from the four- chamber view.

Right: here a DCM with severe mitral regurgitation.

Left: a severe myocadial hypertrophy can point to a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, but also as in this case, to a myocardial involvement by amyloidosis.

Right: hypertrophic nonobstruc- tive cardiomyopathy (HNCM) with normal systolic LV function. Atrial arrhythmia makes difficult the interpretation of diastolic function.

Left: apical form of a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Right: lung-crossing ultrasound contrast agent in a case of isolated left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC). Notice deep trabecula- tions in LV, especially the apical region.



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